ST. PAUL, Minn. - Minnesota health officials say the number of HIV diagnoses in the state dropped slight in 2013.
The Minnesota Department of Health said Tuesday 301 cases were reported last year, compared to 314 in 2012. The department's report says there are about 7,700 people living with HIV or AIDS in Minnesota.
The report shows most of the cases, 82 percent, are concentrated in the Twin Cities metro area. Nearly one in three HIV cases are among 20- to 29-year-olds.
"Although we saw a slight decrease in the overall HIV case reports, there are certainly some increases occurring among our communities of color and men who have sex with men that concern us," said Dr. Ed Ehlinger, Minnesota Commissioner of Health.
The report also says:
- New HIV cases remain concentrated within the Twin Cities metropolitan area (82 percent) and an increase was only seen in the suburbs in 2013.
- Nearly one in three reported HIV cases were among 20- to 29-year-olds.
- There were no HIV cases reported among infants in 2013.
- The number of cases among injection drug users dropped from 23 cases in 2012 to 14 in 2013.
- Communities of color experienced the greatest health disparities when looking at infection rates by race and ethnicity compared to white non-Hispanics.
- Among people living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota, communities of color and men who have sex with men continue to be overrepresented.
- Cases occurring among females increased 22 percent with the largest increases seen among African-born and white females. Women of color accounted for 73 percent of all new female cases.
- Cases among males dropped by 11 percent. Male-to-male sex was the main risk factor for males of all ages with known risk factors, making up 62 percent of male cases. Young males 13 to 24 years of age accounted for 18 percent of all new male cases in 2013.
To help curb the epidemic in Minnesota, the STD, HIV and TB Section at MDH currently funds 21 community-based programs and the Office of Minority and Multicultural Health funds 6 additional programs for HIV prevention and/or testing work.
The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report – 2013 can be found on the MDH website.