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SIOUX FALLS, S.D. - Former American Indian Movement activist and actor Russell Means has died.

Oglala Sioux Tribe spokeswoman Donna Salomon says Means died Monday morning at his ranch in Porcupine, S.D. Means was 72.

Means helped lead the 1973 uprising at Wounded Knee, reveled in stirring up attention and appeared in Hollywood films, including "The Last of the Mohicans."

The Wanblee native grew up in the San Francisco area. He developed inoperable throat cancer and eschewed mainstream medical treatments for traditional American Indian and alternative remedies.

AIM was founded in the late 1960s to protest the U.S. government's treatment of Native Americans and demand the government honor its treaties with Indian tribes. It was oft embroiled in controversy, partly because of the organization's alleged involvement in the 1975 murder of Annie Mae Aquash.

The Internet Movie Database reports that Means had recently completed projects, and had more in the works.

Means appeared in a film called "Tiger Eyes," which was based on a Judy Blume novel. Means' son, Tatanka Means, starred. The film screened Sunday at the Sante Fe Independent Film Festival.

The Means duo also are credited in "Winnetou: The Beginning," set for a 2013 release.

Russell Means got his start with the blockbuster "The Last of the Mohicans" playing Daniel Day Lewis' adopted father. He also performed in TV shows such as "Walker, Texas Ranger," ''Nash Bridges" and "Curb Your Enthusiasm."