Only four drivers will be eligible to win the championship during the Nov. 16 season finale at Homestead-Miami Speedway

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CHARLOTTE — NASCAR has a new way to determine its champion.

The most popular form of motor sports in the United States announced a dramatic overhaul of its playoff format on Thursday, creating a championship race for the first time in its history.

Previously, the Chase for the Sprint Cup was a 10-race playoff. The top 12 drivers — or an unprecedented 13 drivers in 2013 — in the 26-race regular season had their points totals reset and whoever collected the most points over 10 weeks won the championship.

But beginning this year, that will all change.

Sixteen drivers will now make the field based on whether or not they've won a race — not their point totals. The 16th position will go to the points leader after the Sept. 6 race at Richmond International Raceway, the regular-season finale.

"This will make winning the most important thing by a wide margin," said NASCAR chairman Brian France when the new structure was introduced Thursday.

In more detail, via a NASCAR statement: "The top 15 drivers with the most wins over the first 26 races will earn a spot in the NASCAR Chase Grid — provided they have finished in the top 30 in points and attempted to qualify for every race (except in rare instances like medical issues). The 16th Chase position will go to the points leader after race No. 26, if he/she does not have a victory. In the event that there are 16 or more different winners over 26 races, the only winless driver who can earn a Chase Grid spot would be the points leader after 26 races.

If there are fewer than 16 different winners in the first 26 races, the remaining Chase Grid positions will go to those winless drivers highest in points. If there are 16 or more winners in the first 26 races, the ties will first be broken by number of wins, followed by NASCAR Sprint Cup Series driver points."

After Richmond, the field will be whittled down via a series of eliminations — a NASCAR first. After every three Chase races, four drivers will be cut.

The first three races of the Chase (27-29) will be known as the Challenger Round with drivers eliminated Sept. 28 at Dover International Speedway. The 12 drivers remaining will have points reset to 3,000.

Races 30-32 will be known as the Contender Round with drivers eliminated Oct. 19 at Talladega Superspeedway. The eight drivers remaining will have their points reset to 4,000 points.

Races 33-35 will be the Eliminator Round, with the four remaining drivers having their points reset to 5,000 points. To reach the final four, drivers will be eliminated at the penultimate race at Phoenix International Raceway on Nov. 9.

That will leave four drivers still eligible for the championship during the Nov. 16 season finale at Homestead-Miami Speedway. Whoever finishes highest among the four title-eligible drivers is NASCAR's new champion. Bonus points will not be awarded in the finale.

"No math, no bonus points ...," said France. "It's as simple as it gets."

Another wrinkle: In another attempt to emphasize winning, any driver who wins a Chase race will automatically advance to the next round. If a driver has trouble in the playoff opener at Chicagoland Speedway, for example, a win in either of the next two races would still earn a spot in Round 2.

The Chase was already a major departure from how NASCAR decided the champion for most of its history. Until the Chase was implemented in 2004, the champion was the driver who collected the most points over an entire season (there was no reset or playoff).

NASCAR tweaked the format in 2007, when the field expanded from 10 to 12 drivers, and in 2011, when the final two Chase spots were changed to wild cards.

France said Thursday drivers he had spoken to were "mostly positive" about the changes.

"The biggest risk would be not to do it. ... If (the fans) don't like what we do, then nothing matters," France added.

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