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Firefighters 'emotional' after touring largely forgotten all-Black Minneapolis fire station

Station 24 served the city from 1907 to 1941.

In one of those buildings we pass by, but don't necessarily see, history is quietly simmering.

“Long time coming,” Minneapolis firefighter Charles Rucker says, emerging from his car in his dress uniform.

Rucker joins a dozen other Black firefighters who will walk the halls and climb the old staircases of the building at 45th Street and Hiawatha Avenue.

“That’s all original,” the building’s owner, John Bean, repeatedly says during the tour.

More than a century has passed since the building the firefighters are seeing for the first time, opened as Minneapolis' first, and ultimately only, all-Black fire station.

“It was opened in 1907,” Joseph Waters, a firefighting historian, explains.

Credit: Minneapolis Fire Department
Fire Station 24 as it looked when still operational.

Waters has spent the past few months filling a paper folder with his research on both the building and the men who served in it.

“Oscar Clark, Archie Spence, and James Cannon,” Waters says, listing the names of long-deceased Black firefighters who spent all, or significant portions of their careers, at Station 24.

Many more names have been lost to time. Waters estimates dozens of Black firefighters served at the station, covering three shifts, 24 hours a day, for the 34 years the fire station was open.

“They broke the ground for us,” Rucker says.

Credit: Chad Nelson, KARE
John Beam (center of photo) gives a tour of his building, once home to the Minneapolis’ only all-Black fire station.

Rucker joined the fire department 21 years ago, where he’s risen to the rank of Fire Motor Operator.

“If the system was how it was back in the day,” Rucker say with a laugh, “I would have been the one in control of the horses.”

Rucker takes a handful of visitors on a tour of Station 5, where he serves with men and women of different races.

“This is where we eat our lunch and dinner,” he says.

Down the hall, he points to several neatly made beds.

“This is my room here,” Rucker says. 

Credit: Chad Nelson, KARE
Charles Rucker is president of the Minneapolis African American Professional Firefighters Association.

The beds harken back to a time when white firefighters refused to sleep in beds that had been occupied by Black firefighters during the shifts before them.

“That's why there was a segregated Black fire station,” Rucker says.

And when Station 24 closed in 1941, things got worse.

“Basically, since this station closed, there weren't African Americans on the Minneapolis Fire Department for almost a 30-year period,” retired Hennepin County Judge LaJune Lange says.

Lange should know.

As a young volunteer paralegal in the early '70s, she worked on the federal lawsuit that forced the Minneapolis Fire Department to open its hiring process to minorities.

Credit: Chad Nelson, KARE
Former Hennepin County Judge LaJune Lange is leading the effort to preserve the building that once housed Fire Station 24.

Today, 62 Black men and women are among 403 Minneapolis fighters, including the city's fire chief, Bryan Tyner.

Lange organized the tour that brought the Black firefighters together to see the building that once housed Station 24. 

After being sold by the city, the station served a variety of private uses, but has remained largely intact.

Lange points to the tin ceiling on the main floor. “That hole up there represents where the first fire poll was,” she tells the firefighters gathered around her.

The retired judge has also taken the lead on gaining a historical designation from the City of Minneapolis to protect the fire station from demolition, even as a large apartment complex rises next door.

Credit: Chad Nelson, KARE
Minneapolis African American firefighters see the interior of Fire Station 24 for the first time.

Bean, who leases the building to others, is supportive of the efforts to preserve the structure and respectful of the history contained inside.

“These are the original boot lockers that the firemen would have used,” he tells the firefighters who’ve gathered in his building.

The Minneapolis African American Professional Firefighter's Association is also backing the historical designation.

Rucker is the organization’s president.

The tour was his first time inside the building that once housed the all-Black fire station.

Credit: Chad Nelson, KARE
The building that once housed Minneapolis Fire Station 24.

“It's just very emotional,” he says, “because they paved the way for us to be on the job and have these nice careers we’re having, so we can raise our families and serve the community.”

Backers envision a museum where children can visit. 

As if on cue, kids from a neighborhood summer program happened by as the Black firefighters were assembling outside the old station.

Soon, those same firefighters began sharing information about careers within the department with the largely African American class.

It’s progress, still being built - brick by brick - on a strong foundation.

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